Mosquito Platoon Newsletter

Here is some informative content to help you evaluate your mosquito and insect protection needs. We'll also add tips and tricks to get the most from your Mosquito Platoon services.
 

Complications with Lyme Disease

By: Caitlin Boyle

We here at Mosquito Platoon like to keep our customers informed on health concerns regarding disease carrying insects. Recently we became aware of a growing concern regarding complications with Lyme Disease.

The wide variety of symptoms associated with Lyme disease causes it to be mistaken for other conditions or misdiagnosed, which is why Lyme disease is often known as “the New Great Imitator”. See link for more information about Lyme disease symptoms http://www.aldf.com/

Lyme disease can mimic conditions, which is why 90 percent of individuals with Lyme disease may not know they have it. The bull’s eye rash, which is the most common indicator, is not always present or noticeable. As many as 50% individuals with Lyme disease never recalled seeing a bull’s eye rash.

Lyme disease can also have a profound impact on a child’s life, and cognitive function. Children ages 5-14 are most at risk and 25 percent of Lyme disease involves children under 14. Pain and impaired cognitive function make it difficult for the child to perform well in school, making early identification and diagnosed crucial to the future health and wellbeing of the child.

A local resident, Mrs. T, from Bucks County, was gracious enough to discuss her own struggle with Lyme disease. She first started showing severe flu- like symptoms in 2002 with extremely painful headaches, high fever and 2 swollen joints. She knew this was no ordinary flu, and sought treatment. However, doctors had trouble confirming the cause of these issues. After being admitted to the hospital for a few days she was well enough to return home, but she was never treated for Lyme disease. She suffered from severe leg cramping that lasted for 10 years, then developed fibromyalgia, respiratory infections with bronchitis every other month and finally inflammatory arthritis and chronic fatigue. She went 12 years with these painful conditions before finally being diagnosed with Lyme disease in 2013 from 2 specialty labs, Igenex and Medical Laboratory Labs (MDL).

The reason for this perpetual state of confusion was due to the Lyme disease vaccination she was administered in 1999. This vaccine caused Lyme disease tests to display a positive result even before she contracted Lyme disease.

According to Neuro Science’s Lyme Disease, A Great Imitator, many tests are available to identify the presence of the specific Lyme disease bacteria. However, the tests often show negative results when the patient does indeed have Lyme disease. In her case, she tested a false positive when she did not have Lyme disease. However, when she actually contracted Lyme, the medical person still believed it was a false positive and disregarded the test result. Standard tests fail to properly diagnose over half of Lyme positive cases. Many believe the Elisa test and Western Blot are woefully inaccurate and have not been changed in 35 years.

She is now trying everything she can to alleviate her symptoms. She stated that she had recently stopped taking antibiotics. She was not convinced they were effective. She stated, "Antibiotics need to be taken for years in order to rid your body of the Lyme bacteria. In fact, you may take this medication for years and still not see a positive effect". As an alternative, she found out about an old treatment not recognized by the medical establishment in this country, a Rife machine. It is too soon to tell if it is effective for her, but she knows many others for whom it has helped. She also changed her diet (no dairy, gluten, sugar or processed foods) and sees a Lyme Literate Medical Doctor (LLMD).

Unfortunately, she discussed how she believes she will never be 100 percent cured of Lyme disease. She hopes the doctors can help rid the Lyme bacteria in her body as much as possible and improve her body systems that are negatively affected by Lyme.

From her personal trials in dealing with this debilitating disease, Mrs. T decided to become an advocate for Lyme disease in Pennsylvania. She is committed to set forth any extra time and energy she may have to help educate others and hopefully get new laws passed concerning Lyme disease. She also is working to get insurance companies to start covering the huge expenses most Lyme disease patients have to pay on their own so they can be more concerned about their health than their medical bills.

When asked if there was any advice she could give to other people suffering with Lyme disease, she said, "Once you are diagnosed, start researching and find a good Lyme disease support group to go to.  These groups are great ways to discuss any difficulties you face with other Lyme patients and also learn information on new treatment options".

Today, Pennsylvania ranks first in the nation in number of confirmed cases of Lyme disease. It is important to be educated and aware of the seriousness of this tricky disease. For more information...please visit www.lymediseaseassociation.org

 

Mosquito Awareness Week

By: Zulieka Mesquita

Each year, the week of June 26th is the National Mosquito Control Awareness Week by the Mosquito Control Association, also known as the AMCA. This is a week where the general public is educated about the significance of mosquitoes and the importance of services provided by mosquito control workers throughout the United States and Worldwide. By using Mosquito Platoon services you can eliminate most of your mosquitoes in your yard. However, if you know of friends and family not using the service you can forward these tips on how to eliminate these pests, and educate themselves on mosquitoes.

Drain standing water to stop mosquitoes from multiplying. Drain water from garbage cans, house gutters, buckets, pool covers, coolers, toys, flower pots or any other containers where sprinkler or rain water has collected. Discard old tires, drums, bottles, cans, pots and pans, broken appliances and other items that aren’t being used.

Empty and clean birdbaths and pet water bowls at least once or twice a week. Protect boats and vehicles from the rain with tarps that don’t accumulate water.

In situations where you are not protected by the 21-day barrier and Enviro-spray, cover your skin with clothing and repellent. Also, with properties not using the mosquito spray service, doors and windows with screens can be sprayed with repellant to keep mosquitoes out.

According to Florida Department of Health in October 2013, repellents with 10-30 percent of DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, and IR3535 are effective. Use mosquito netting to protect children that are younger than 2 months old.

For the usage of any bug repellant, here are a couple tips. Always read label directions carefully for the approved usage before you apply a repellent. Some repellents are not suitable for children. Products with concentrations of up to 30 percent DEET are generally recommended. These products are available at your local pharmacies. Look for active ingredients to be listed on the product label. Apply insect repellent to exposed skin, or onto clothing, but not under clothing. For the protection of children, which is extremely important, read the label instructions to be sure the repellent is age appropriate. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, mosquito repellent containing oil of lemon eucalyptus should not be used on children under the age of 3 years. DEET is not recommended on children younger than 2 months old. Avoid applying repellents to the hands of children. Adults should apply repellent first to their own hands and then transfer it to the child's skin and clothing. If additional protection is necessary, apply a permethrin repellent directly to your clothing. Again, always follow the manufacturer's directions.

According to Wigglesworth V.B (1993) in “The Adaption of Mosquito”, the Mosquitoes are part of a family of small, midge like flies called Culicidae. Although a few species are harmless or even useful to humanity, most are considered a nuisance because they consume blood from living vertebrates, including humans. The females of many species of mosquitoes are blood eating pests. While feeding on blood, some of them transmit extremely harmful human and livestock diseases, such as malaria, yellow fever, and filariasis. Over 3,500 species of mosquitoes have already been described from various parts of the world. Some mosquitoes that bite humans routinely act as vectors for a number of infectious diseases affecting millions of people per year.

Others that do not routinely bite humans, but are vectors for animal diseases, may become disastrous agents for zoonosis of new diseases when their habitats are disturbed, such as sudden deforestation. Mosquitoes go through four stages in their lifecycles: egg, larva, pupa and adult or imago. In most species, adult females lay their eggs in stagnant water. Some lay eggs near the water’s edge, while others attach their eggs to aquatic plants. Each species selects the situation of the water into which it lays its eggs and does so according to its own ecological adaption. Some are generalists and are not fussy. Some breed in lakes, while some breed in temporary puddles. They also may breed in fresh water marshes or salt water marshes. Among those that breed in salt water, some are equally at home in fresh water. In areas of salt water, they need up to about one third the concentration of seawater, whereas others must acclimatize themselves to the salinity. Such differences are important because some certain preferences keep mosquitoes away from humans, whereas other preferences bring them right into houses at night.

According to a Virginia Tech study in May 2007, adult mosquitoes usually mate within a few days after emerging from the pupae stage. In most species, the males form large swarms, usually around dusk, and the females fly into swarms to mate. Males typically live for about a week, feeding on nectar and other sources of sugar. After obtaining a full blood meal, the female will rest for a few days while the blood is digested and eggs are developed. This process depends on the temperature, but usually takes two to three days in tropical conditions. Once the eggs are fully developed, the female lays them and resumes host seeking.

In managing public health, knowing which species, even which strains, of mosquitoes which one is dealing with is important. So this season, take the tips I provided and protect yourself and your family this summer.

To take extra care, call Mosquito Platoon so we can service your property and get rid of the mosquitoes. You and your loved ones will be able to enjoy your outside without getting any nasty bites!

 

Asian Tiger Carries New Disease

Asian Tiger Mosquito
Asian Tiger Mosquito

A team of French and Brazilian researches warns that Chikungunya virus is poised to invade the US. Becoming an epidemic in the Americas according to research published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. With so many people coming from all over the United States to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the FIFA World Cup, next month. The risk of a catastrophic epidemic in America has greatly increased.  Brazil has the highest incidence reports of Dengue, a virus that is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedesalbopictus (Asian Tiger mosquito), the same mosquitoes that transmit the Chikungunya virus.

Chikungunya is rarely lethal but can cause severe chronic joint pain, which could possibly lead to permanent disability, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because the virus has an incubation period of from two to twelve days, according to the CDC, people carrying the virus often won’t know they even have it.

Eight Years ago it spread beyond Africa, where it originated from to Asia, making millions of people ill. Last year in December the first report of Chikungunya transmitted in Americas, on the Caribbean Island of St. Martin. By February 5th the disease had spread to nine additional Caribbean countries, which could possibly be headed our direction.

The Asian Tiger Mosquito was introduced to the United States in tire casings imported for recapping. The movement of tire casings has spread to more than 20 states since 1985. The Mosquitoes are found as close to Pennsylvania in New York City. However as of now studies are saying that it is unclear if the Asian Tiger will mosquito will be a significant carrier of disease in the United States.  The Asian Tiger Mosquitoes features are distinct says the Examiner.com states in June 26, 2013. It is a small black and white striped color pattern. It has a white stripe down the center of its head and back with white bands on the legs. The wormlike male mosquitoes feed on plant juices and do not bite. Female mosquitoes seek blood to help their eggs to develop. Unlike other mosquito, the Wall Street Journal reported the Asian Tiger Mosquito feeds in the daylight hours not at night.

They are attracted to dark clothing, perspiration, carbon dioxide and certain other odors. This mosquito will bite squirrels, dogs, deer and other animals as well as people. Asian tiger mosquitoes spend the winter in egg stage, hatching into larvae when the eggs are covered with water in the spring and summer. The larvae feed on small bits of debris and bacteria in the water. Adult mosquitoes emerge from pupae from water- filled natural and artificial containers like cavities. In as little as 10 to 14 days after the egg hatch during the summer. The Asian tiger mosquito usually does not fly more than about ½ mile from its breeding site.

Factors contributing to the spread of Chikungunya is the gradual warming of the Earth resulting from climate change plays a really important role. Specifically the increase in rainfall and an increase in average temperature make perfect conditions for the breeding of the Asian tiger mosquito carrying the virus.

According to "New Schientist.com", in December 17, 2013, the ease with which people travel will make it difficult to break the transmission of Chikungunya, warns Herve' Zeller, head of emerging disease at ECDC. The virus can spread if an infected person flies into a new area and is bitten by an Aedes mosquito. Which will then carry the virus to her other meal hosts.

To combat the spread of Chikungunya and other mosquito born diseases, like West Nile virus and Yellow Fever. It is recommended that you eliminate the areas where they often breed. Remove any water- filled containers like old tires , roof gutter, food containers and buckets from your yard. Keep mosquitoes from breeding in bird baths, pet water dishes and plastic wading pools by emptying them at least once a week.

Neighborhood residents should work together to eliminate breeding sites like abandoned cars, old machinery, drums and other junk vacant lots. This should be done by using mosquito nets, wearing long sleeved shirts and long pants, and applying mosquito repellents. Or should be handled by a professional pest company.

Part of the reason this mosquito is called Asian "Tiger" according to Dina Fonseca, an associate professor of entomology at Rutgers University. "Is because it is very aggressive. You can try and swat it all you want, but once it's one you, it doesn't go away." The best defense is a good offence. Make sure you take the steps to protect your yard from these and other disease carrying insects. When you are away from your home make sure you wear repellant and are properly dressed to deter insect bites.

 

Plants That Help Repel Pests

By: Lisa Bobiak



There are a great many additions to your landscape and container gardens that help repel nasty bugs and pests. Especially around your pool, patio and deck. Where you are most likely to hang out enjoying friends and family. Now's the time to plan and get your yard ready for the warmer months.

Mother Nature to the rescue. Which is only fair since she helped create the pests that bug us in the first place. Adding these multi-tasked plants in your garden is a good way to start.

Tea...anyone? Mint will run off mice and ants...but all so welcoming to us and our invited guest. Peppermint can give us clean smelling breath that attracts closeness but it does the opposite for many insects. The odor drives mosquitoes, ants, beetles, fleas, flies, lice and moths away. The next plant goes by several names Horsemint, Bee balm and Lemon balm, has several benefits to our health while making a really good cup of tea. The strong incense-like odor helps promote our relaxation while confusing mosquitoes by masking the smell of you and your family. However, attracting the honey bees and butterflies.

Roaches are repelled by dried Bay leaves as well as many other pantry pests like mice and ants. Lemongrass which smells and looks great in container gardens, repel those blood sucking mosquitoes. Basil detracts flies but add some pine nuts and you get pesto for you! Also the Lemon Basil and Cinnamon Basil repels mosquitoes.

Other lovely looking plants that look good and serve a dual purpose are Geraniums and Marigolds. Mosquitoes and Japanese beetles shun the geraniums while their pretty colors enhance any container garden. Especially in their hanging variety. A rabbit may be cute in the petting zoo but not so much in your garden. So make sure you add Marigolds around your garden's border. Not only will they keep the hopping fuzzy tails away. Mosquitoes don't like them as well. Warning though, don't put marigolds on the patio table since the bright blooms may attract wasps.

A cart load of bugs including roaches, ticks, bedbugs, lice, silverfish, ants and so much more are repelled by the multi-colored varieties of Chrysanthemums, or mums. Add the Lavender plant which may look delicate and has a light scent. Is anything but soft towards mosquitoes, fleas, bedbugs, lice and moths. Citronella grass is an ornamental grass that is perfect around walkways and seating areas and its strong fragrance can deter mosquitoes. When purchasing look for the true varieties, Cybopogon nardus or Citronella winteriannus. These two are the only true varieties with the repelling qualities. Painted Daisy or Pyrethrum is another pretty addition to anyone's garden. Although many pests like mosquitoes, aphids, leaf hoppers, spider mites, ticks and bed bugs will pass them by.

Other plants that are good for repelling mosquitoes but great additions to container gardens are Rosemary, Garlic and Clove. You will have the added benefit of adding them to your favorite recipes. There's one more plant to add to your garden-Catnip. Your cat will be happy, but the Mosquitoes and flies will say no thanks!

Now that you get an idea of how many different plants there are to deter unwanted pests. You will have a hard time choosing which one you want. Although, you can't go wrong with any decision. You, family and invited guest will get to reap the benefits of these multitasked plants. While they deter the uninvited pests from using your yard. Enjoy the warmer months and get outside and garden!

Check these additional links for more information:
http://www.canadiangardening.com/how-to/pests-and-diseases/six-plants-that-repel-mosquitoes/a/42758/2
http://eartheasy.com/blog/2011/04/5-easy-to-grow-mosquito-repelling-plants/

 

Newsletter Volume II, Issue 1

Enviro-Spray: (Botanic, Organic and Natural Insecticide and Repellent)

With the Enviro-Spray by Mosquito Platoon, our concerned customers can take advantage of the safety and benefits of an organic Perimeter Spray that effectivly controls Mosquitoes, Fleas and Ticks.

That's because Enviro-Spray is made from botanical compounds that plants generate as part of their natural defense against insect attacks.  These compounds work by blockign otopamine in the target insect's nervous system.  Octopamine is the insect's equivilent to adrenaline.  It regulates their heart rate, movement, behavior and metabolism.  The unique molecular structure of Enviro-Spray's active ingredient targets and blocks the octopamine neurotransmitter receptors in insects.  Blocking octopamine results in a total breakdown of the insect's central nervous system.  Mammals, birds, fish do not have receptors for Octopamine, so theres products have no adverse effect on them.  Some of the ingredients include: Rosemary oil, Geraniol (oil of citronella or geranium) petter-mint oil, wintergreen oil, white mineral oil, vanillin (extract of vanilla) and polyglyceryl oleate.
 

For situations where only the softest solutions are called for pest control, Enviro-spray is the answer.

Enviro-Spray has insect knock-down power and has only a natural fragrance which dissipates in a few hours. The result: fast, effective insect control in a totally ‘green’ product. In fact, under FI- FRA (the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide & Rodenticide Act) 25(b) Exemption, Enviro-Spray products are not required to be registered with the EPA.

Enviro-Spray contains a fragrance modifier to reduce odor concerns and provides knock-down of a wide range of sites, including residential, pool/tennis clubs, daycare facilities, kennels & veterinary facilities, farms, animal health and vector control areas.

Enviro-spray has no aquatic toxicity, therefore, applications may be made near or over open water.  This also allows for thorough mosquito abatement treatments in areas where foliage runs adjacent and over bodies of water.

Organic Programs:

Enviro-spray is NOP (National Organic Program) compliant, which makes it the product of choice for residential and commercial customers everywhere who need treatment for organic facilities of all types. This includes homes, food processing facilities, restaurants, and retail establishments where organic produce is sold.
 

Target Pests:

Ants, Aphids, Beetles, Chinch
bugs, Chiggers, Crickets, Cutworms,
Fleas and ticks, Grasshoppers,
Japanese beetles
(adults), Mites, Sod webworms,
Whiteflies, Bedbugs, Flies,
Gnats, Lice, Maggots (fly larvae),
Mites, Mosquitoes, Spiders,
Wasps and much more...

855-233-6248 or 855-BEEN-BIT

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